Monday, 15 December 2014

Phrasal Verbs in English Grammar

Phrases are the group of  verbs and prepositions that change the meaning of the combined group of words.

Examples -

Look after - Meaning take care.
In above phrase, we have used 2 words look and after. The meaning of each word is different but if we combine these 2 words, the meaning changes drastically. That's called as a phrase.

Put someone down - Meaning insult someone
In above phrase, we have used 2 words Put and down. The meaning of each word is different but if we combine these 2 words, the meaning changes drastically. That's called as a phrase.
  1. get to - to reach a place
  2. get up - to wake up and rise
  3. to put up with - bear/tolerate
  4. get on - to board the bus/train/plane
  5. get off - to alight from the bus/train/plane
  6. to pass away - die
  7. get in - to board the car
  8. get out - to alight from the car
  9. get along - to enjoy the companionship of someone.
  10. give up - abandon
  11. give in - surrender
  12. turn down - refuse, to decrease the volume
  13. work out - exercise
  14. take off - remove something.
  15. put on - wear something
  16. sort out - solve the problem
  17. run out - left with a few quantity of something
  18. to run over - meet with auto accident
  19. to look up to someone - to revere someone
Let us now see some of the sentences using above phrasal verbs.
I got up early in the morning. My wife poured the coffee in the cup. The cup ran over when I alerted her to stop pouring.  I got on the bus bound to Station and got off near post office and got to Gym for the work out. After  reaching gym I took off my clothes and put on outfit suitable for gym. Then I got a call from my relative saying that common friend has passed away. I called up my wife requesting her to come and pick me up. Wife drove to the Gym to take me home. I got into the car and headed home. I got out of the car and rushed to attend the funeral function.
The friend who expired was a very close friend of mine and we used to get along very well. He was very hard working and never gave up his efforts to excel in his work. He never gave in to the challenges he faced during his struggle. He attended many interviews but was turned down by each company. He was married and had a tiff with his wife. He was unable to put up with her misbehavior. But he had sorted out all the differences in recent times. He was facing financial crisis as well and ran out of money in last month. He looked up to his mother to draw an inspiration to do well in life. Unfortunately, he was ran over by a truck during morning walk.

More Phrasal verbs are given below ordered alphabetically.

1.To back away or back out or back off – to move back or retreat
2.To back up – support someone
3.To bail out – to save person or organisation from financial crisis
4.To bear with – to endure with someone
5.To beef up – to enhance  or heighten something
6.To blow up – Burst out, explode
7.To bring up –raising someone
8.To bring up – to point out -  to raise the point to drag the attention
9.To burn out – to get fed up with heavy work.
10.To brush up on – to revise something.
11.To break down – malfunction, glitch
12.To break into – to get into by force.
13.To break up – to end the relations between lovers
14.To break out – to happen unexpectedly and surprisingly.
15.To call off – Cancel or annul or stop
16.To call upon – to invite or request
17.To calm down – to cool down 
18.To come up with – to introduce an idea
19.To chip in – to help someone to finish the work
20.To carry on – to go on – to continue

He carried on his studies despite the disturbance from loud sound of TV coming from adjacent room. His sister chipped in to help him with some complex mathematical problems. He was very irritated with the neighbor. His sister calmed him down and she came up with an idea to shift to different room to avoid loud noise. She also called upon neighbor to turn down the volume.
He was very tense due to exam pressure. He was not confident enough to appear for the exam. Fortunately surprising news broke out stating exam was called off due to paper leaks.

21.To count on – to Bank on - to hinge on – to rest on - to depend – to rely on
22.To deal with – to tackle the situation
23.To dress up – to put on clothes
24.To drag on – to prolong something say meeting or seminar or movie
25.To drop in – stopover 
26.To drop out – to cut short studies 
27.To end up – to get somewhere at the end.
28.To fall apart – to break into pieces– break up
29.To fall through – fail, miscarry
30.To figure out – to try to comprehend
31.To fix up – repair
32.To fizzle out – to wane – to end slowly
33.To freak out – to be in horror
34.To frown on – dislike or detest or hate or disapprove
35.To fuss over – to give more consideration or attention needlessly.
36.To dig into – to get to the root of the problem
37.To make out – understand, comprehend
38.To get along with someone – to have a friendly relations with someone 
39.To get away – to run away
40.To get in – To enter something, Board something, 
41.To get on – To get in to something, 
42.To get off  - Alight from something
43.To get after  someone– to get the work done by putting pressure on someone
44.To get back to something or someone – to return to something or someone
45.To get up – to wake up in the morning
46.To get over – to recover from
47.To get to – to reach somewhere
48.To get rid of – to free from something
49.To give in – To surrender
50.To give up – to abandon
51.To go on – Continue – to keep up – to keep on
52.To go under – suffer a loss
53.To go through – to experience
54.To hang on – to ask someone to wait
55.To hand in – to Hand over – to submit
56.To hang out – to stroll or roam with friends
57.To hang up – to end the conversation on phone
58.To hit back – to retaliate or to react
59.To hit upon – to strike an idea
60.To hold on – to wait
61.To hold on - to clamp something 
62.To indulge in something – to involve oneself in some activity
63.To jot down – to take down important points
64.To kick off – to start or begin something
65.To knock down – to hit someone down
66.To knock out – to get a defeat in the tournament
67.To laugh off – not to take the matter seriously
68.To lay off – giving employees pink slips, to cut the jobs
69.To leak out – to become known to public 
70.To let down - disappoint
71.To look after – To take care of something
72.To look ahead – to ponder about upcoming plan
73.To look up to – to hold someone with respect.
74.To look for – to search something
75.To look out – watch out – be careful
76.To lose out – to suffer from a loss
77.To make up – to excuse by pretending something
78.To make up with – to break the ice – to end the fight and come together 
79.To make up for – to pay off - reimburse 
80.To miss out – lose the chance
81.To move in – to shift to new place
82.To move out – to leave existing place
83.To narrow down – to come closer to the goal by removing unnecessary things
84.To note down – to take down
85.To opt out – not to participate
86.To pass away – to die
87.To pass on - transfer
88.To pick on – to tease
89.To pick up – lift something or someone
90.To pick up – to grasp or learn
91.To pick out – to select or choose something
92.To play down – to make something look minor or insignificant
93.To Put on – Wear something
94.To pop in – to visit for a short time
95.To pop up – arise
96.To pull through – to overcome difficult situation
97.To point out – to drag the attention to the issue
98.To Put out – to extinguish
99.To put someone down – To insult someone
100.To put down – write down
101.To put forward – to propose plan
102.To put off – to put over -  postpone
103.To put up with – to suffer without complaining
104.To rule out - eradicate
105.To see off – to take leave of 
106.To see about – to take care of
107.To see out – to escort someone
108.To set off – start a journey
109.To set up – to start a business
110.To show off – to boast of something 
111.To show up – to turn up -  attend
112.To shut up – to be silent
113.To single out – to pick up specific things or people
114.To sort out – resolve the problem
115.To stick to – to continue to follow same opinion or plan
116.To stand up – to rise
117.To sit down – to sit on something
118.To take off X to touch the ground
119.To take out – To remove something
120.To take on someone – to confront someone
121.To take back – to retract
122.Take over – to take the responsibility of someone
123.Take up – Raise
124.Take down – to write down something
125.To turn down – to decrease the volume of something
126.To turn down – to reject someone something  say job, not to offer
127.To turn on – To switch off 
128.To turn off – to switch off 
129.To run into someone – to bump into - to come across - to meet unexpectedly
130.To wash up – to clean the utensils
131.To watch out – be cautious
132.To work out  - to do exercise
133.To work out – sort out
134.To wrap up – to wind up – to end some task

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